Home Travel Stories Gas Logs 1992 TOYOTA Camry 135 SEFI 5 speed MPG= 26.1 City/ 34.7 Hw
1992 TOYOTA Camry 135 SEFI 5 speed MPG= 26.1 City/ 34.7 Hw PDF Print E-mail
Written by Double Dragon
Thursday, 30 December 2010 22:15

1992 TOYOTA Camry 135 SEFI 5 speed MPG= 26.1 City/ 34.7 Hwy

oneownercollectorcar.com

Writing and photography copyright D. S. Brown

92-camry-fuel-guage

Metric= 2.2 L engine- 9.4 L/100km City, 7 L/100km Hwy

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EPA assessment of 1992 Camry 5 speed manual: 23 MPG City/ 31 MPG Hwy

When the 1992 Camry first came out with the 2.2 (132 c.i.) 4 cylinder engine the EPA recorded 22 MPG City, 29 MPG Hwy and 25 MPG overall using the automatic. The five speed manual transmission improved MPG over the 4 speed auto by 1 MPG City and 2 MPG for Hwy and overall. The new EPA figures for the 5 speed reduce the numbers to 19 City, 26 Hwy and 22 overall. One real life user on the EPA website reported 27.3 MPG overall.

LEMON AID USED CAR GUIDE 1996 says a 4 door Camry with 2.2 engine and automatic transmission delivered an estimated MPG of 22-27 MPG. LA doesn't specify if the MPG is the range of overall average figures or City and Highway figures. LA rated the 3.0 L (180 c.i.) V6 at 17-23 MPG. Camry owners on forums report 25 City MPG and Interstate cruising ranges of 500 miles and usually 33 MPG on the highway with automatic cars.

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OOCC 1992 CAMRY 26.1 MPG City/ 34.3 MPG Hwy

The manual 5 speed OOCC 1992 Camry manages to equal the MPG of a manual 5 speed 1986 OOCC Tercel also listed in our GAS LOGS section despite the fact that the Tercel weighs significantly less and is a gutless car with a smaller 92 cubic inch engine. The Tercel was used in similar stop and go city driving conditions. Granted, the Tercel had 50,000 miles higher mileage and was clearly in worse shape, but a lot of the credit is due to the 1992's use of SEFI, DOHV and coil on spark ignition which the carbureted Tercel lacks.

The 1992 Camry isn't a big car, but has a reasonably large interior considering the fairly short 103.1 inch wheelbase. 1992 was a new design for the Camry, adding an inch to the wheelbase and height, six inches to the length and two to the width in order to cater specifically to the US market. Its 187.8 inch length and 69.7 inch width seem puny compared to the US full size cars of the past and cars of today, but the 1992 Camry was considered the Chevrolet Impala of the 1990s due to its popularity as a family car in USA. The situation was so serious that the actual Chevy Impala was cancelled for several years towards the end of the 1990s.

The other stellar family car from General Motors in their glory years of the 1960s was the Oldsmobile Cutlass. In the mid 1970s it was the top selling family car. The Cutlass suffered a loyalty breach when GM dropped Chevrolet 350 engines into Cutlasses in 1977 when Oldsmobile Rocket 350 engine supply ran out. After being sued by infuriated owners, General Motors continued the destruction of the Cutlass nameplate when it became diluted with confusing models in the 1980s and 1990s that lacked visible Oldsmobile identity due to a size decrease. The transition of Cutlass intermediate to compact FWD wasn't successful.

In later years across the board head gasket leaks finished off many of the once proud GM family car nameplates. It took GM a long time to climb out of the mess their reputation suffered at the turn of the century.

The 3rd Gen Camry (1992-6) took advantage of the problems at GM to gain a foothold in the market. Camry did have one domestic competitor left on the field. The Ford Taurus of the era initiated the aerodynamic so called 'organic' look. Taurus, Camry and Honda Accord all vied for first place sales until 1997 when the 4th Gen Camry came out on top. The bitter pill that a foreign car was taking over the US market was sweetened somewhat by the fact that already by the time of the 1993 model year 75% of Camrys were built in the Georgetown, Kentucky factory (all of wagons were built there).

Many speculate that Camry became the sales leader not through winning, but simply because Ford lost. People hated the redesigned Taurus while the new design Camry was pleasing.

The irony about the new model 1997 Camry coming out on top was that it was 'de-contented' to save money in production while still charging a premium for the 'Camry reputation'. Toyota didn't learn the lesson that GM learned the hard way with the Oldsmobile Cutlass. The new 1997 Camry had single weather seals while the 1992- 96 models had triple seals. Earlier cars also had the advantage of asphalt coated body mounting points. The 1997 Camry removed grab bars and chrome and other details that lowered the 'bank vault' standard of Camry's reputation for solidity, quiet and comfort. Much like the reliable Rocket 350 was the heart of the Olds Cutlass, the body integrity and quality of the 3rd Generation Camry was the heart of the Camry.

Significantly, when the Impala was revived in 2000 it was transformed into a front wheel drive car. The tables had turned on the Impala which was once undisputed king of family cars. Back in 1992 the Camry was adapted to conform to the Impala's American size format. Instead of leading, now Chevy seemed to be following when it incorporated some of the Camry concept. Of course it could be argued that FWD was just a natural outcome for any automaker in this day and age.

FWD creates efficiency advantages by running power through the front wheels. The weight of the driveshaft and rear axle housing is eliminated and that saved weight allows a smaller engine to move the same size car. The smaller engine means less engine weight, hence lower curb weight and better MPG results. FWD eliminates transmission and driveshaft intrusion into interior allowing a smaller car to provide large car interior room. FWD performs better in wet or icy winter conditions with extra weight on the drive wheels.

FWD technology efficiency gains really weren't the biggest problem impacting the original Impala and the death of Rear Wheel Drive. RWD devotees are a loyal bunch and would have continued to buy the Impala indefinitely. The death of the RWD Impala traces back to the popularity of SUVs. The SUV killed station wagons and other lower volume rear drive cars. GM wanted the factory lines freed up to produce highly profitable SUVs despite a dedicated group of buyers guaranteeing sales of the RWD format (including police agencies).

RWD fans point out numerous FWD issues. FWD torque steer is annoying and even dangerous. FWD cars experience accelerated wear in the steering, suspension and front tires because FWD packs absolutely everything into the front end parts. Anyone who has replaced a front axle and constant velocity joints knows how much it can cost to drive a FWD.

A RWD vehicle with the same mileage as a FWD facing costly new U joints won't need anything done to the driveline. The RWD places less demand on front end parts. RWD vehicles have abundant space out back in which to package the hardware that transfers power to the wheels allowing use of larger, sturdier axle, driveshaft and U joint components which don't wear out so quickly.

The OOCC Camry was built in Japan. It has a much smoother and quieter ride than many four cylinders of the era and torque steer has been eliminated. Because the Camry platform serves double duty as the top of the line Lexus ES 300 the platform is well engineered for solid smooth riding qualities. For those wondering what on earth ES 300 means, Toyota tried to mimic the BMW system by naming Lexus models after engine displacement. 300 refers to the 3.0 L V6 standard engine. The ES adds sound insulation and luxury content, but even in 'stripped' Camry form, the list of weight adding features would have correlated with a Cadillac carrying full option load 20 years earlier. Nowadays these gadgets are now just standard fare in most basic economy cars.

The OOCC Camry has power steering, power brakes, tilt steering, rear defrost, remote locks for gas tank, trunk and hood release, lighted trunk and engine bay. The ignition switch has a delay lighting system connected to the driver's door. The Camry has multi speed intermittent wipers, dual mirrors, cassette AM/ FM digital quad factory stereo and air conditioning. Many comfort details abound such as vanity mirror in passenger visor, fully reclining passenger seat, removable head restraints, adjustable inertia reel heights for front seatbelts, fold down center armrest in rear seats, grab handles above passenger doors, multiple change holders and storage bins, console storage, door panel storage, retractable cup holders, tie down eyelets on rear package shelf etc.

The Camry has gauges for speed, trip odometer, tachometer, fuel, temperature and a digital clock. The warning lights monitor seatbelts, airbags, door ajar and burnt out bulbs in the lighting system. The rear seats have head restraints, inertia reel shoulder belts, as well as being hinged to allow access for long awkward objects to feed from the trunk right through the interior of the car.

In addition to all the comfort and convenience features, safety items include a steering wheel airbag, computer systems to run engine diagnostics and emissions, catalytic converter and so on. Somehow with all this content, the base car weights a mere 2,926 pounds (1330 kg) which partially explains the gas mileage. The 1992 Camry isn't a big car. A 2012 Corolla is just about the same size as the 1992 Camry. The rest of the story is aerodynamics which is responsible for the forgettable looking generic jelly bean styling. The small profile front end cuts the wind which then gently passes over the steeply sloped windshield and off the fastback rear window.

The OOCC 1992 Camry door sticker claims a build date of August while Carfax states that it was built in Japan Sep 17, 1991 and shipped to a dealership in the USA. A very old sticker in the base of the driver's window says 'VIP Toyota' but no city is given. Being manufactured at the beginning of the production year makes this one of the first production new 'large' Camrys. The base cost for the new Camry was $14,798.00. The first owner spent some extra money importing the car when moving to Mission, B.C., Canada Jan 23, 1996.

This is a USA spec car. It lacks the extra junction for daytime running lights which the 1992 Canadian version of the Camry came equipped with. Somehow the MPH speedometer escaped being changed out during import. This may explain a potential 50,000 mile 'rollback' in 2004.

Someone attempting to convert miles to kilometers may have created an artificially inflated mileage record on the Aircare test. Subsequent readings seem to have reverted to just quoting the odometer mileage. The Camry wasn't up for sale. It was sold 4 years after this mileage discrepancy so it seems unlikely that the owner would 'roll back' a car he had no intention of selling at the time.

Owner one moved to Maple Ridge, B.C. in May, 2008. After 17 years of ownership the Camry was traded in July 26, 2008. The Camry was too old to be sold on a dealership lot. It entered the used car dealer auctions showing 137,000 miles. If it was rolled back in 2004 this would mean a true 187,000 miles which logically fits closer to the years of use.

Owner two bought the car August 6, 2008 in Burnaby, B.C. He used the car to commute to work and for several road trips. He kept the car until fall, 2009 showing 145,000 miles.

When owner three first inspected the car it seemed possible that the indicated 145,000 miles was accurate. The OOCC Camry still had functional hood support shocks, original radiator, water pump, alternator, and brake master cylinder. The original manifold, heat shield and catalytic converter were still intact. The OOCC Camry was bone stock with the exception of a new battery, muffler, timing belt and tires.

The only typical high mileage Camry problems affecting this car was a melted 3rd rear brake light bulb and worn rear stabilizer bar bushings. Other Camry high mileage common complaints of A/C expansion valve failure, broken window regulators and door handles hadn't happened to this car. The car had original and functional A/C, door handles and window regulators. The first owner of the Camry added a vehicle immobilizer, remote start and alarm system, engine block heater and oversized Hankook performance tires.

The instructions inside the glove box call for lower tire pressures than the 35 PSI regularly used with the OOCC Camry when riding on smooth roads and highways. On rougher roads in town, 32 PSI was used. The manufacturer recommended a mere 26 front and back unless the car was heavily loaded, in which case the inflation called for was still low at 29 PSI.

92-camry-glovebox-tire-instructions

The Hankook Mileage Plus 205R70x14 mud and snow tires replace the stock 195R70x14 all season radials. The larger tires allow the engine to rotate slower at highway speeds which helps MPG under those conditions. In the city they might be a slight hindrance because of lowered torque for acceleration. The larger 'footprint' of the tire could result in greater rolling resistance, while the additional rotational weight of the tires could increase engine work.

The revs are actually not that low when you consider that the car has an overdrive 5th gear and oversized tires. The small 4 cylinder redlines at 6,250 RPM and relies on revs in order to create any power. 1992 was the first year for the 2.2 liter engine after years of standing pat with a 2.0 liter engine in the Camry prior to this. The new 2.2 with 135 HP and 145 Ft lbs of torque was necessary to move the newly enlarged Camry which added about 250 pounds over the 1991 model.

CAR & DRIVER Sep, 1994 was able to coax 116 MPH out of a Camry DX. The C & D 4 cylinder 2.2 was rated 130 HP versus the 135 HP rating normally given for this generation of Camrys likely due to the C & D test car being set up for compliance with California emissions which reduced HP by 5. 0-60 took 10.7 seconds and the quarter mile was a slow 18.1 seconds/ 76 mph. Other tests of Camrys from this era usually provided 11 second 0-60 and 18 second quarter miles. The 4 speed auto Camry comes with a 3.94:1 final drive which drops to 2.75:1 in the 0.70 overdrive 4th gear. The 5 speed manual has a much lower first gear with a 0.73 overdrive and same final drive ratio.

The OOCC Camry will run right up to an indicated 120 MPH probably due to less slip of the manual transmission and running higher tire pressures. The 0.73 overdrive 5th gear ratio results in a 2.87:1 final drive. The OOCC Camry speedometer is accurate at low speeds and at 70 MPH when compared to law enforcement radar readings.

In Feb 1994 CAR & DRIVER tested a 188 HP V6 Camry SE which produced an impressive top speed of 136 mph, 0-60 in 8.0 seconds, and a passable quarter mile of 16.2 seconds/ 87 mph.

Below is a list of the 1992 OOCC Camry 2.2 engine speeds in 5th gear on a level cruise.

2,250 RPM= 50 MPH in 5th gear  
2,500 RPM= 60 MPH in 5th gear  
2,800 RPM= 70 MPH in 5th gear

3,000 RPM= 75 MPH in 5th gear

3,250 RPM= 80 MPH in 5th gear 
3,700 RPM= 90 MPH in 5th gear
3,950 RPM= 100 MPH in 5th gear
4,150 RPM= 110 MPH in 5th gear

92-camry--90-is-3600-rpm

The car was used to ferry passengers and loads around in stop and go driving in cold weather, including snow. The gas tank was never much below the full level. The average payload is about 300 pounds boosting curb weight up from 2,926 pounds to 3,226 pounds. Another source claims the curb weight of the Camry is 2,977. Either way, the weight is within 50 pounds. The city driving figures consistently hover around 25 MPG.

Whenever the car was used on road trips the MPG rose above 30 MPG, with 40 MPG possible at a steady 70 MPH on flat surfaces and lightly loaded. Heavy loads, speeds above 75 MPH and mountain terrain overcome the power limits of the small engine and pull the efficiency down to the low 30s. There were so few highway stints in these first logs that they weren't weeded out of the first set of figures. The sheer volume of city driving simply absorbs those peaks into the average. Looking at the entire city miles logs below, it takes 196 gallons after the first fill mileage to the end of log to go 4,881 miles, which works out to 24.9 MPG.

The car was accelerated briskly and driven at pretty high speeds in early morning low traffic scenarios which account for about a third of the driving. The rest of the time the car was trapped in heavy traffic stop and go scenarios. The driver usually had the stereo tape player on, and windows rolled up. A/C was used minimally during summer.

The mileage marker odometer check points on Interstates reveal that with the oversized tires the odometer reads slow by 1/10th of a mile for every true ten miles driven. All figures are thus 1% low. The 9.5:1 compression ratio allows the car to run fine on 87 octane gas.

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CITY DRIVING MPG= 26.1

This first group of figures below from 146,300 to 149,438 miles reflect short trip city driving in Spring and Summer weather, mainly at night when temperatures are colder. Average temperature over that six month period is 15 degrees Celcius (59 F). The average low might be a more appropriate figure: 10 degrees Celcius (50 F). The car was parked outdoors at all times which increases warm-up time. Driving 3,138 miles used 132.6 gallons (134 gallons of gas, minus 1.4 first fill) which is 23.6 MPG. Correcting for odometer lag equals 23.8 MPG.

Odometer Gallons Octane/ Fill?  MPG (uncorrected) 
146,300   1.4  87/ x  
146,303  12.9  87/ F+  
146,382   3.7  87/ F+ 21.3 MPG
146,418   0.6  87/ x  
146,459   2.4  87/ F+ 25.6 MPG
146,603   5.7  87/ X  
146,603   0.2  87/ F+ 24.4 MPG
146,703   3.8  87/ F+ 26.3 MPG
146,759   1.7  87/ F+ 32.9 MPG
146,805   2.0  87/ F+ 23.0 MPG
146,870   2.6  87/ F+ 25.0 MPG
146,940   2.8  87/ F+ 25.0 MPG
146,977   1.2  87/ F+ 30.8 MPG
147,045   3.0  87/ F+ 22.6 MPG
147,075   1.1  87/ F+ 27.2 MPG
147,133   2.3  87/ F+ 25.2 MPG
147,194   2.3  87/ F+ 26.5 MPG
147,283   3.6  87/ F+ 24.7 MPG
147,346   1.8  87/ F+ 35.0 MPG
147,387   1.9  87/ F+ 21.5 MPG
147,469   3.1  87/ F+ 26.4 MPG
147,543   2.2  87/ F+ 33.6 MPG
147,671   5.5  87/ F+ 23.2 MPG
147,774   3.6  87/ F+ 28.6 MPG
147,803   1.1  87/ F+ 26.3 MPG
147,867   1.9  87/ F+ 33.6 MPG
147,934   3.1  87/ F+ 21.6 MPG
148,030   3.5  87/ F+ 27.4 MPG
148,116   2.9  87/ F+ 29.6 MPG
148,157   2.0  87/ F+ 20.5 MPG
148,353   7.2  87/ F+ 27.2 MPG
148,387   1.2  87/ F+ 28.3 MPG
148,403   0.8  87/ F+ 20.0 MPG
148,502   3.6  87/ F+ 27.5 MPG
148,540   1.0  87/ F+ 38.0 MPG
148,601   2.4  87/ F+ 25.4 MPG
148,668   1.5  87/ F+ 44.6 MPG
148,733   2.5  87/ F+ 26.0 MPG
148,767   1.2  87/ F+ 28.3 MPG
148,812   2.3  87/ F+ 19.5 MPG
148,903   3.1  87/ F+ 29.3 MPG
148,944   1.5  87/ F+ 27.3 MPG
149,017   2.7  87/ F+ 27.0 MPG
149,068   2.3  87/ F+ 22.1 MPG
149,117   1.9  87/ F+ 25.7 MPG
149,165   2.0  87/ F+ 24.0 MPG
149,260   3.8  87/ F+ 25.0 MPG
149,289   1.4  87/ F+ 27.1 MPG
149,337   1.9  87/ F+ 25.6 MPG
149,364   0.9  87/ F+ 30.0 MPG
149,404   1.3  87/ F+ 30.7 MPG
149,438   1.7  87/ F+ 20.0 MPG

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The section below from 149,486 to 152,727 miles records Fall and Winter driving, mainly daytime and early evening. Plenty of rain and some snow increase tire resistance. Windshield wiper and defrost use sucks a bit of energy from the small engine. Average temperature over that time is about 7 degrees Celcius (44 F). The car was parked in heated underground parking (15 degrees C/ 60 degrees F) when at home base, hastening engine warm-up. Driving 3,241 miles required 124.6 gallons (126 gallons of gas minus the first fill of 1.4) for an impressive average of 26 MPG. Correcting for odometer lag means 26.2 MPG. These figures beat the spring summer ones above. Keeping the car in the heat of a parkade aids efficiency despite colder outside temperatures. Longer average trip distances probably made the most difference.

Odometer Gallons Octane/ Fill?  MPG (uncorrected)
149,486  1.4  87/ F+ 34.2 MPG
149,627  2.9  87  F  N.A.
149,658  3.9  87/ F+ 25.2 MPG
149,767  4.2  87/ F+ 25.9 MPG
149,869  4.1  87/ F+ 24.8 MPG
149,923  2.0  87/ F+ 27.0 MPG
149,957  1.3  87/ F+ 26.1 MPG
150,032  3.1  87/ F+ 24.1 MPG
150,168  5.4  87/ F+ 25.1 MPG
150,238  2.8  87/ F+ 25.0 MPG
150,376  4.8  87/ F+ 28.7 MPG
150,418  1.7  87/ F+ 24.7 MPG
150,497  3.2  87/ F+ 24.6 MPG
150,562  1.5  87/ X  N.A
150,622  1.1  87/ X  N.A.
150,764  5.3  87/ X  N.A.
150,791  3.6  87/ F+ 25.5 MPG
150,891  3.3  87/ F+ 30.3 MPG
150,984  3.4  87/ F+ 30.2 MPG
151,116  4.4  87/ x   N.A.
151,145  2.2  87/ F+ 24.3 MPG
151,178  0.9  87/ F+ 33.3 MPG
151,253  3.6  87/ F+ 20.8 MPG
151,416  6.4  87/ F+ 24.4 MPG
151,472  2.6  87/ F+ 21.5 MPG
151,608  5.0  87/ F+  27.2 MPG
151,636  1.0  87/ F+  28.0 MPG
151,739  3.8  87/ F+ 27.1 MPG
151,907  7.0  87/ F+ 24.0 MPG
152,011  4.0  87/ F+ 26.0 MPG
152,099  3.4  87/ F+ 25.8 MPG
152,280  7.0  87/ F+ 25.8 MPG
152,370  3.3  87/ F+ 27.2 MPG
152,564  7.1  87/ F+ 27.3 MPG
152,593  1.3  87/ F+ 22.3 MPG
152,727  4.0  87/ F+ 33.5 MPG

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The figures below from 152,900 to 155,265 miles cover Spring and Summer driving with an even mix of short and longer trips. Average temperature around 15 C/ 60 F. The car was kept in a parkade at home and left outside at work. The total of 97.9 gallons minus first fill 5.9 equals 94 gallons to travel 2,365 miles which is  25.1 MPG. Correcting for odometer lag the number becomes 25.3 MPG. Despite the warmer temperatures, the summer driving doesn't reach the 26 MPG achieved during winter as seen above. This is likely due to the inclusion of regular short trips once again.

Odometer Gallons Octane/ Fill?  MPG (uncorrected)
152,900  5.9  87/F+  29.3 MPG
152,980  3.4  87/F+  23.5 MPG
153,010  0.9  87/F+  27.0 MPG
153,127  4.5  87/F+  26.0 MPG
153,250  0.9  87/x    N.A.
153,272  2.3  87/x    N.A.
153,319  4.5  87/F+  24.9 MPG
153,489  3.9  87/x     N.A. 
153,553  5.9  87/F+  23.8 MPG
153,635  2.4  87/F+  34.1 MPG
153,721  4.0  87/F+  21.5 MPG
153,794  2.9  87/F+  25.1 MPG
153,874  3.1  87/F+  25.8 MPG
154,106  9.2  87/F+  25.2 MPG
154,230  4.9  87/F+  25.3 MPG
154,323  3.3  87/F    N.A.
154,437  4.2  87/F    27.1 MPG
154,542  4.0  87/F    26.5 MPG
154,694  6.5  87/F    23.3 MPG
154,808  4.2  87/F    27.1 MPG
154,849  2.5  87/F    16.4 MPG
154,967  4.1  87/F    28.7 MPG
155,044  3.5  87/F    22.0 MPG
155,175  4.3  87/-F   N.A.
155,197  1.6  87/F    N.A.
155,265  1.0  87/F    N.A.

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The section below from 155,368 to 157,015 miles records Fall and Winter driving in constant rain with a few trudges through snowstorms mixed in. The car was still kept in a parkade and parked outside in the elements at work. The first three surprisingly high averages just under or over 30 MPG are actually due to a long stint of highway driving around 70 MPH. Much of the higher mileage figures despite winter cold are due to lengthy highway commutes sandwiched in with minimal city driving. The driving around 156,149 and 156,281 came close to the magic 30 MPG but fell short due to accelerating hard in the city and then sustaining a 80+ MPH cruise once out on the highway. The final 33.3 figure is likely inaccurate. When you fill a tank that is near or on full already the pump shut off mechanism seems to click off sooner than when you fill a tank with more empty space in it. The total of 72 gallons minus first fill 0.4 equals 71.6 gallons to travel 1,687 miles which is 29.5 MPG. Correcting for odometer lag the number becomes 29.7 MPG.

Odometer Gallons Octane/ Fill? MPG (uncorrected)
155,368  0.4  87/3-4  N.A.
155,436  6.0  87/F+  29.4 MPG
155,492  1.7  87/F+  32.2 MPG
155,585  3.2  87/F+  29.0 MPG
155,663  3.0  87/F+  26.0 MPG
155,728  2.6  87/F+  25.0 MPG
155,809  3.4  87/F+  23.8 MPG
155,874  2.5  87/F+  26.0 MPG
155,938  2.3  87/F+  25.6 MPG
156,015  4.0  87/F+  19.2 MPG
156,149  4.8  87/F+  27.9 MPG
156,281  4.6  87/F+  28.6 MPG
156,332  2.0  87/F+  25.5 MPG
156,422  3.8  87/F+  23.6 MPG
156,458  2.0  87/F+  18.0 MPG
156,658  5.1  87/3-4  N.A.
156,695  4.8  87/F+  23.9 MPG
156,778  4.3  87/F+  19.3 MPG
156,877  4.3  87/F+  23.0 MPG
156,949  3.1  87/F+  23.2 MPG
157,015  2.9  87/F+  22.7 MPG
157,055  1.2  87/F+  33.3 MPG

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The section below from 157,948 to 158,967 records Spring and Summer driving in pretty dry warm weather. The car was kept in a parkade at home and parked outside at work. Two fill-ups from 158,208 to 158,264 are bracketed to indicate that they are highway miles which are discussed in the HWY MPG part of this article. The total of 41.8 gallons minus first fill 2.7 equals 39.1 gallons to travel 1,019 miles which is 26.0 MPG. Correcting for odometer lag the number becomes 26.2 MPG.

Odometer Gallons Octane/Fill?  MPG (uncorrected)
157,948  2.7  87/F+ 26.2 MPG
158,020  3.2  87/F   22.5 MPG
158,074  2.4  87/F+ 22.5 MPG
(158,208  3.8  87/F   35.2 MPG) * Hwy
(158,264  2.1  87/f+  32.2 MPG) * Hwy
158,321  2.2  87/f+  25.9 MPG
158,383  2.4  87/f+  25.8 MPG
158,451  2.6  87/f+  26.1 MPG
158,506  2.1  87/f+  26.1 MPG
158,602  3.5  87/f+  27.4 MPG
158,705  3.9  87/f+  26.4 MPG
158,843  5.5  87/f+  25.0 MPG
158,904  3.0  87/f+  20.3 MPG
158,967  2.4  87/f+  26.2 MPG

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The excerpts below are a 50/50 mix of highway and city driving in winter. The Camry was returning from a highway trip at the first fill up. A short trip of roughly 100 miles from about 164,225 merged gridlock with a highway run. The run from 164,414 onward is highway driving at the start of another trip but includes all the city running prior to that which explains an overall average of the usual 25.6 MPG. The total of 39.7 gallons minus first fill 0.4 equals 39.3 gallons to travel 989 miles which is 25.1 MPG. Correcting for odometer lag the number becomes 25.3 MPG.

Odometer Gallons Octane/Fill?  MPG (uncorrected)

163,591 0.4 87/F+

163,694 4.4 87?F+ 28.6 MPG

163,779 3.3 87/F+ 25.7 MPG

164,085 4.8 87/x

164,206 1.6 87/x

164,247 4.8 87/x

164,299 1.2 87/x

164,414 4.6 87/x

164,580 14.6 87/F+ 25.6 MPG

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The figures below are from summer with dry warm weather and a fair amount of mileage logged on secondary highways around 60 MPH interspersed with city driving. The total of 43.5 gallons minus first fill 6.4 equals 37.1 gallons to travel 983 miles which is 26.4 MPG. Correcting for odometer lag the number becomes 26.6 MPG

Odometer Gallons Octane/Fill?  MPG (uncorrected)

166,886 6.4 87/F+ 25.7 MPG

167,109 9.4 87/F+ 23.7 MPG

167,213   4.1 87/F+ 25.3 MPG

167,471 2.7 87 X

167,669 14.3 87/F+ 26.8 MPG

167,869 6.6 87/F+ 30.3 MPG

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The figures below are partial fills made during winter city driving. The final fill was made following 25 miles of highway driving which alone cannot account for the high average. Ordinarily a short highway stint would simply be absorbed into the volume of city driving. In this instance the amount of city driving was minimal which may explain that magical 30 MPG reading which is really 30.3 MPG.

Odometer Gallons Octane/Fill?  MPG (uncorrected)

168,153 2.1 87 X

168,300 1.9 87 X

168,327 4.5 87 X

168,348 1.6 87 X

168,444 1.2 87 X

168,457 7.2 87 X

168,470 1.0 87 X

168,627 5.9 87 X

168,858 4.2 87 X

169,166 13.1 87/ F+ 30.3 MPG

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The figures below record a few fills that fell in between a pair of road trips named HIGHWAY TRIP FIVE and HIGHWAY TRIP SIX shown in the highway MPG part of this story. The average of 28 MPG is high because of minimal city use and these figures are not included in the overall City MPG calculation.

Odometer Gallons Octane/Fill?  MPG (uncorrected)

171,553    2.9      87      F+     31 MPG (some highway from driving from prior road trip)

171,663    4.4      87      F+     25 MPG (some highway/ border lineup)

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The figures below are evenly divided between summer and fall temperatures all city driving unless otherwise clarified.

Odometer Gallons Octane/Fill?  MPG (uncorrected)

173,282  2.8       87     x F

173,325  3.2       87     x F

173,390  4.2      87     x F

173,533  2.0      87     x F

173,608  3.8      87     x F

173,738  1.0      87     x F

173,747  0.8      87     x F

173,808  2.9      87     x F

173,856  4.5     87     x F

173,919 10.7    87     F+    27 MPG

174,153 6.6 87 x F

174,237 7.9 87 F+ 21.9 MPG

174,339 3.2 87 F+ 31.9 MPG (some highway driving)

174,738 2.9 87 x n.a.

174,811 1.1 87 x n.a.

174,813 0.6 87 x n.a.

174,826 1.0 87 x n.a.

174,879 2.9 87 x n.a.

174,900 4.0 87 x n.a.

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176,616    9.9    87   F+

?

177,006 8.6 87 F+

177,226 5.4 87 x F n.a.

177,510 0.5 87 x F n.a. (low fuel light was on)

177,523 4.2 87 x F n.a. (low fuel light was on)

177,599 1.5 87 x F n.a. (tires now 32 PSI / were down to 24 PSI)

177,684 6.2 87 x F n.a. (low fuel light was on)

177,739 2.1 87 x F n.a.

177,787 1.5 87 x F n.a.

177,854 3.4 87 x F n.a.

177,977 2.3 87 x F n.a.

177,996 0.6 87 x F n.a.

178,031 1.0 87 x F n.a.

178,073 1.4 87 x F n.a.

178,121 2.3 87 x F n.a.

178,174 1.6 87 x F n.a.

178,176 1.3 87 x F n.a.

178,271 1.9 87 x F n.a.

178,332 1.9 87 x F n.a.

178,372 12.8 87 F+ 27.2 MPG

178,537 2.1 87 x F n.a.

178,554 5.8 87 F + 23.0 MPG

178,611 1.0 87 x F n. a.

178,693 4.5 87 F + 25.3 MPG

178,802 2.0 87 x F n. a.

178,846 5.0 87 F + 21.9 MPG

179,027 7.1 87 F + 25.5 MPG

179,328 5.3 87 x F n. a.

179,371 2.0 87 x F n. a.

179,410 7.2 87 F + 26.4 MPG (some highway)

179,645 1.9. 87. x F. n.a. (low speed and idling)

179,650 3.6. 87. x F n.a. (low speed and idling)

179,788 1.0. 87. Xf. n.a.

Adding the corrected figures above of 23.8, 26.2, 25.3, 29.7, 26.2, 25.3, 26.6= 183.1. Dividing by 7 entries equals 26.1 MPG City.

///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

HIGHWAY ROAD TRIP MILEAGE= 34.7 MPG (12,075 miles)

The second owner took several 500 mile round trip highway summer vacation road trips at moderate cruising speeds "on one tank" each time. This included driving around in the vacation resort for a week which probably pushed mileage up to 600. The car carried 50 pounds of luggage and one 200 pound driver in dry warm weather. The A/C and stereo were running with an auxiliary CD diskman running power from the cigarette lighter plug-in. The 18.5 US gallon tank translates to a range of about 32.4 MPG if he ran it out of gas. Since he didn't run it dry, he was netting 34+ MPG. The trips listed below have actual records of exact MPG.

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HIGHWAY TRIP ONE- 33.7 MPG corrected (750 miles)

Below are logs registered exclusively in highway driving. The weather was about 10 degrees Celcius (50 degrees F) with steady rain most of the time. Windows were rolled up, stereo on, windshield wipers and lights on most of the time. Tire pressure was raised to 35 PSI. Engine oil was 10W30 Quaker State. The car carried about 400 pounds. In the figures below a general trend can be discerned: steady speed 65-70 MPH on Interstates brings the Camry a hair shy of 36 MPG. 40 MPG has been observed on dry flat roads with lighter load. Over 70 MPH drops efficiency to about 30 MPG. Secondary highways with hills and curves are harder on MPG since that four cylinder has to work harder than a bigger engine would tackling hills, particularly when loaded with extra weight.

Odometer Gallons Octane/ Filll?    MPG (uncorrected)
157,204  6.9  87/F+  21.5 MPG (Secondary highway figure includes city driving.)
157,372  4.7  87/F+  35.7 MPG (Dry- Interstate average speed 65 to 75 MPH)
157,687  9.7  87/F+  32.4 MPG (Wet- Secondary hwy 55- 70 MPH/ Interstate 80- 90 MPH)
157,802  3.2  87/F+  35.9 MPG (Wet- Interstate 65- 70 MPH)
157,877  2.5  87/F+  30.0 MPG (Wet- Interstate- 70- 80 MPH)

Removing the first 21.5 MPG figure which is tainted with extensive city stop and go, the trip used 20.1 gallons to cover 673 miles at about 70 MPH overall which is 33.4 MPG HWY. Correcting the odometer lag means 33.7 MPG HWY.

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HIGHWAY TRIP TWO- 32.5 MPG corrected (90 miles)

The figures below at 158,208 and 158,264 are from dry hot summer cruising at low speeds hovering around 60 MPH. The highway was winding and hilly with some braking and accelerating. Engine oil was 10W30 Quaker State. The car was loaded with 4 adults pulling 700 pounds of weight with the A/C and stereo cassette player on full time. A portion of the figures were logged crawling along a washboard surface dirt road which cut down the potential total MPG figures. Correcting for odometer lag yields 32.5 MPG

Odometer Gallons Octane/ Filll?  MPG (uncorrected)
158,208  3.8  87/F   35.2 MPG
158,264  2.1  87/f+  32.2 MPG

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HIGHWAY TRIP THREE- 32.5 MPG corrected (4,500 miles)

The figures below are from a longer road trip in fall of about 4,500 miles. The car had just been overhauled with new radiator, thermostat, water pump, timing belt, oil pump, CV joints, bushings and tires. A minor tuneup was performed using fuel injector cleaner, new rotor, distributor cap, fuel filter, spark plugs and wires. Engine oil was 10W30 Quaker State with one quart of Wolf Head 10W30 oil added during the trip.

The tune-up seemed effective. The car purred like a kitten which is not easy for a 4 cylinder to accomplish. When some restraint was observed (at the start of the trip before all good intentions dissolved) the Camry produced a whopping 41.1 Highway MPG. The car was driven under nearly ideal conditions of dry flat Interstate at a steady 65 to 70 MPH with A/C on occasionally. The stereo was playing, windows rolled up. The car was pulling too much load for a 4 cylinder but on a level surface it didn't seem to hinder the car. The new Goodyear oversize radials were pumped to 32 PSI but didn't roll as smoothly as the prior Hankook tires. In fact the Goodyears created vibration at certain speeds (25-30 and 55-60) as if they were out of round.

The 520 pound load transformed hills into great obstacles. A V6 Camry can handle extra weight in the mountains but the four cylinder bogged down on 6 to 9 degree grades anytime a slow moving truck blocked the left lane in some agonizingly protracted attempt to pass another truck. Once the truck was finally out of the way attempts to regain speed with the extra load forced a downshift to 4th seeking power that never appears, then down to 3rd barely crawling up the incline at 35 or 40 MPH.

A clear run to the top of any mountain is fine because it is possible to keep the revs up and hold the four cylinder in the powerband. Clear runs to the top allowed the Camry to haul all that extra weight to the top of a mountain still turning 70 MPH in 5th gear.

The car ran well at speeds above 70 MPH. In fifth gear the Camry pulls strongly when the car is running 80 or 90 MPH. This sweet spot wreaks havoc with your economy or any good intentions to drive in a sedate relaxed fashion. There is a stretch of night driving where the OOCC Camry never dropped below 110 MPH for over an hour. The Camry will actually cruise comfortably at this speed without overheating or any fuss. Another hour of driving varied between 80 and 120 MPH. Mileage only dropped to a very respectable 26.9 MPG.

Another stretch of fast driving with average speed at or just below 100 MPH dragged the fuel economy right down to 25.1 MPG, but this stretch was also during a cold wet night rain on a gradual upgrade. Overall the OOCC Camry is capable of holding 75- 80 MPH for hours at a time quietly and smoothly while giving back 32 MPG. The car is actually smoother between 70 and 80 MPH than between 60 and 70 MPH but this is likely not due to the car itself but to the Goodyear tires.

Odometer Gallons Octane/ Filll?  MPG (uncorrected)
159,257  10.5  87/F+  27.9 MPG  Stop and go/ Interstate  
159,434    4.3  87/F+  41.1 MPG  Interstate hot flat 65-70 MPH cruise  
159,768  10.1  87/F+  33.0 MPG    Interstate hot mtns 75-80 MPH  
160,082   9.3  87/F+  33.7 MPG  Secondary hwy hot 65 MPH  
160,472  12.3  87/F+  31.7 MPG   Interstate/ city- secondary hwy cool  
160,925  13.9  87/F+  32.5 MPG   City/ Interstate hot  
161,108   6.8  87/F+   26.9 MPG   Interstate mountains hot 110 MPH  
161,531  13.6  87/F+  31.1 MPG  City/ secondary hwy hot 65 MPH 
161,761   7.2  87/F+   31.9 MPG   Interstate hot 80- 90 MPH  
161,816   1.7  87/F+   32.3 MPG   Interstate hot 80 MPH  
162,078   7.8  87/F+   33.5 MPG   City/ Interstate hot 70-75 MPH  
162,385   9.6  87/F+   31.9 MPG   City/ Interstate hot 80 MPH  
162,734  11.1  87/F+  31.4 MPG   Interstate hot 80 MPH  
162,837   4.1  87/F+   25.1 MPG    Interstate cold wet 90-100 MPH  
163,256  12.0  87/F+   34.9 MPG    Interstate mountains cold wet 70 MPH  
163,568  10.0  87/F+   31.2 MPG    Interstate cool wet 75 MPH 
163,591   0.4  87/F+    N.A.

The 16 individual MPG totals above add up to 510 which is 31.8 MPG overall. 145 gallons were used on the trip. Removing the first fill of 10.5 gallons leaves 134.5 gallons to cover 4,334 miles which is 32.2 MPG HWY. Correcting for odometer lag results in 32.5 MPG. This is the sort of MPG that real life people can expect from a Camry when casually travelling. The giant load and significant amounts of exploring in cities in stop and go driving are a typical part of most road trips.

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HIGHWAY TRIP FOUR- 36.4 MPG corrected (2,300 miles)

The trip statistics below provide segments of pure highway driving in winter on a 2,300 mile trip. It's easy to separate city driving from the figures to arrive at pure highway figures. The car was lightly loaded carrying no more than about 350 pounds including the driver. Moderate speeds were held between 65 and 75 MPH on Interstates with windows rolled up, A/C off most of the time and stereo playing. Temperatures began with cold heavy rain about 40 degrees F and quickly morphed into warm and dry around 70 degrees F. Tires were set to 35 PSI.  Gas was Chevron 87 octane which contains up to 10% ethanol. Engine oil was 10W30 Castrol.

Odometer Gallons Octane/ Filll? MPG (uncorrected)
164,580  14.6 87/F+  25.6 MPG Interstate 65 MPH heavy rain 40 degrees F 
164,853   7.2 87/F+  37.9  MPG Interstate 70 MPH dry sunny 60 degrees F 
165,283  12.1 87/F+  35.5  MPG Interstate 70 MPH dry sunny 75 degress F 
165,590  10.7 87/F+  28.6  MPG Interstate 70 MPH/ city driving 65 deg F 
165,795   8.0 87/F+   25.6  MPG City and inner city freeways 65 deg F 
166,305  14.8 87/F+  34.4  MPG Interstate 75 MPH dry then rain temps down in mts to 40 deg F 
166,718  11.2 87/F+  36.8  MPG Interstate 70 MPH rainy 45 degrees F

The first fill-up MPG includes several previous weeks of stop and go city driving which drags down the average. The second and third fills are pure Interstate steady state 70 MPH with minimal on and off driving for meals and hotels. The fourth fill includes city driving while the fifth is almost exclusively city driving with some inner city freeway driving. Fills six and seven are pure highway figures. Taking the pure Interstate figures of 37.9, 35.5, 34.4 and 36.8 we get an average of 36.1 MPG HWY which converts to a true figure of 36.4 MPG HWY when taking into account odometer lag.

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HIGHWAY TRIP FIVE- 34.4 MPG corrected (2,300 miles)

The 2,300 mile trip below was made in winter with minimal load of about 265 pounds.  Temperatures at start and end of trip were around 40 degrees F with rain. The later portions of the trip were around 70 degrees F and dry. Tires were inflated to 35 PSI until the car was used on rough roads city driving at which point they were dropped to 32 PSI because the ride was too harsh. Gas was Chevron 87 octane which contains up to 10% ethanol. The oil in the car was thin 5W30 Castrol GTX, although 3/4 of a quart of Valvoline 10W30 was added towards the end of the trip when the level went down.

Odometer Gals Octane/ Filll? MPG (uncorrected)

169,166 13.1 87/ F+ 30.3 MPG This fill includes prior City driving. Hwy- 70 MPH 52 degrees F

169,671 14.1 87/ F+ 35.6 MPG Hwy- traffic jam, fog, mountains, 70 MPH, 40 degrees F

170,109 13.5 87/ F+ 32.4 MPG Hwy- 75-80 MPH icy mountains, warm flat hwy, 1 hour gridlock

170,468 13.0 87/ F+ 27.4 MPG City- stop and go, hills and traffic jams avg 60 degrees F

170,642 4.6 87/ F+ 37.8 MPG Hwy- 70 MPH 32 PSI tires, flat road, 70 degrees F

171,065 13.6 87/ F+ 30.9 MPG Hwy- 75-80 MPH mountains, rain, 40 degrees F

171,463 12.0 87/ F+ 32.9 MPG Hwy- 50 miles of city stop and go, heavy rain, 75 MPH

Just focusing on the first two exclusive highway stints above the trip was made in cool weather with some mountain driving. Leaving in the inevitable gridlock that can afflict an Interstate highway as it passes through major cities, the Camry recorded 35.6 MPG and 32.4 MPG with 35 PSI in the tires for an average of about 34 MPG. Correcting for odometer lag the number becomes 34.7 MPG

Once the tires were lowered to 32 PSI for city driving they were left at that inflation for the remainder of highway driving which once again tackled some mountains and wet cold weather recording 37.8, 30.9 and 32.9 MPG for an average of 33.8 MPG. Correcting for odometer lag the number becomes 34.1 MPG. Combining this Highway figure with the above figure at higher tire pressure gives this trip an approximate average of 34.4 MPG.

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HIGHWAY TRIP SIX- 36.8 MPG corrected (1,200 miles)

The 1,200 mile trip below in spring produced some pretty impressive numbers. The tires were set to 32 PSI. The car was lightly loaded carrying about 200 pounds.  Temperatures at start of trip were around 52 degrees F and dry. Following days ranged from 32 degrees F at night to 62 degrees F in daytime. The last fill up came after windy 40 degrees F weather with pouring rain. With the exception of one short stretch of dirt road the remainder of the roads were smooth. Gas was Chevron 87 octane which contains up to 10% ethanol. The oil used was thin 5W30 Castroil mixed with 3/4 of a quart of Valvoline 10W30 added for top up on prior trip. The alternator failed on the way home which eventually effected the tachometer and engine smoothness. The computer may have been effected by low charge which can alter engine timing and MPG.

Odometer Gallons Octane/ Filll? MPG (uncorrected)

171,949 9.7 87/F+ 29.4 MPG City/ Hwy combined

172,212 7.0 87/ F+ 37.5 MPG / 50 degrees F sun 65-70 MPH

172,654 12.8 87/F+ 34.5 MPG / 32-40 degrees F, city, 2 lane blacktop, 4000 ft elevation

172,951 7.6 87/F+ 39.0 MPG / 40 degrees F, pouring rain 65 MPH

The Camry was mainly driven at reasonable speeds, except for some night driving in mountains when the car was running 70- 90 MPH which tumbled MPG down to 34.5 MPG. 37.1 gallons were used on the trip. Removing the first fill of 9.7 gallons leaves 27.4 gallons to cover 1,002 miles which is 36.5 MPG HWY. Correcting for odometer lag results in 36.8 MPG.

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HIGHWAY TRIP SEVEN- 36.9 MPG corrected (935 miles)

The 935 mile trip below in late fall involved some extreme weather. The tires were set to 32 PSI. The car was lightly loaded carrying about 200 pounds. Temperatures at the start of the trip were around 52 degrees F and clear. Early in the trip a torrential downpour suddenly blanketed the interstate so intensely that rain created a whiteout fog effect. Visibility became zero and several cars made panic stops blocking the roadway while remaining invisible to cars coming up on them. Several inches of water built up on the road.

Following days ranged from below freezing at night to 52 degrees F in daytime although it did become clear. Light snow, hail and freezing rain plagued the return trip through mountainous terrain. The roads were smooth. Gas was Chevron 87 octane which contains up to 10% ethanol. The oil used was 10W30 Quaker State. Departure was 174,997 miles and return was 175,919 miles.

Odometer Gallons Octane/ Filll? MPG (uncorrected)

175,031    10.16   87  Full tank  n.a. - clear/ 100 MPH

175,221     5.09    87  Full tank  37.3 MPG - rain/ 70- 80 MPH

175,584    10.77   87  Full tank  33.7 MPG - Mountains 4,000 ft/ 60- 90 MPH

175,887     9.29    87  Full tank  32.6 MPG - Interstate 80- 90 MPH

The Camry was never driven at reasonable speeds on this trip. Police made some money issuing a whopper ticket for "more than 20 MPH above the speed limit". 35.31 gallons were used on the trip. Removing the first fill of 10.16 gallons leaves 25.15 gallons to cover 856 miles which is 36.5 MPG HWY. Correcting for odometer lag results in 36.9 MPG.

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Adding up the individual trip results 33.7, 32.5, 32.5, 36.4, 34.4, 36.8, 36.9 totals 243.2 divided by 7 entries is 34.7 overall HWY MPG.

oocc-dragon-end

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tsutsumi plant Aichi, noon

SU 23 VI/ MO 6 CP/ ME 10 VI/ VE 21 LE/ MA 10 LI/ JU 1 VI/ SA 0 AQ/ UR 9 CP/ NE 14 CP/ PL 18 SC/ NN 16 CP

SU 30 VE/ ME 30 MA/ ME tr UR/ VE bq NE/ VE sq PL/ MA sq UR/ JU inc SA/ JU sq NE/ SA qnt PL/ PL sx NN

 

Last Updated ( Monday, 10 February 2020 22:54 )